Widespread violations of international law have been reported in the context of the Russian Federation (Russia)’s occupation of Crimea in 2014, the conflict in Eastern Ukraine since 2014, and Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine which began on 24 February 2022. Beyond accountability through criminal justice processes, reparations will be needed to address the harm caused to victims, and to restore their dignity and rebuild their lives. This briefing, written in partnership with the Global Survivors Fund, provides an overview of the right to reparation in international law, the domestic level judicial and administrative initiatives and transitional justice efforts in Ukraine, and the key international mechanisms currently under consideration, with conclusions and recommendations for relevant stakeholders.