In this discussion paper, REDRESS and the Cambodian Human Rights Action Committee consider the framework for reparation available for victims of the Khmer Rouge regime. It examines the scope for reparation in international human rights law, Cambodian national laws, as well as the Extraordinary Chambers in the Court of Cambodia (ECCC). The purpose is to outline some of the key issues for civil society in respect of reparations, and to provide some suggestions on the way forward.