This report documents the proceedings of an expert conference organised by REDRESS and the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) on 8 – 9 September 2015 in Pretoria, South Africa. This conference brought together practitioners, lawyers, prosecutors and civil society actors from a number of African countries to explore methods of strengthening victims’ participation in criminal law proceedings. The discussion was informed by the publication of REDRESS recent report on victim participation in domestic criminal proceedings in a variety of countries worldwide.