This report was submitted to the International Criminal Court in order to aid reflection on what reparation means and should mean in the context of mass atrocity. The report examines the shortcomings of the existing normative framework for reparations of international crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court, comparing it to various international and domestic frameworks. The report also refers to lessons learnt on reparations at the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, and the Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia. The report also examines the respective roles of the judges’ Chambers, the Registry and the Prosecutor’s Office in ensuring victim-sensitive policies to allow for the effective discharge of their respective functions.