These recommendations, published with the research support of the Open Society Foundations human rights program, reflect the key challenges that the International Criminal Court faces in designing an efficient and predictable reparation system that respects victims’ rights, including the lack of overarching guidelines applying consistently across the different Trial and Appeal Chambers, the limited resources available for the identification of beneficiaries, and the lack of existing jurisprudence to suggest which operations of a Victim Trust Fund may be best delegated by the Court to other administrative bodies.