This practice note provides an overview of the psychological aspects of working with child victims of trauma in strategic litigation. It is designed to help inform civil society organisations and legal practitioners that work on human rights litigation and other forms of public interest litigation involving child victims of torture, sexual abuse, or other forms of trauma. It provides a starting point for lawyers in ensuring they have a basic understanding of the key psychological considerations in such cases, to assist them in instructing and working alongside such experts. It gives an overview of the psychological effects of torture, sexual abuse and other forms of trauma as they particularly relate to children, and their impact on children’s memories. It also outlines important considerations when evidence is being taken from child victims of trauma and on obtaining medico-legal reports.