This report focuses on the use of rape as an instrument of torture and ill-treatment. The past two decades have seen a significant change in the classification of rape – the international community now locate it as a crime of the highest order. States therefore have the responsibility to prevent and respond to it and survivors of rape are entitled to the same level of protection and response as any other victim of violence. The report brings together the developing international human rights law and significant writings on the issue in order to assist those looking to make a link between rape and other forms of ill-treatment.