In Professor Manfred Nowak’s 2005 visit report to Nepal, the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture reported the systematic practice of torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment predominantly perpetrated by the security forces during the armed conflict with the Communist Party of Nepal. While the use of torture by both the security forces and the CPNM has abated since the end of the conflict in April 2006, torture remains habitual and widespread in a considerable part of the country. Torture in police custody is particularly worrisome, particularly in relation to juveniles and members of certain ethnic groups.