This briefing outlines REDRESS’ concerns ahead of the UN Human Rights Committee’s examination of Nepal’s second periodic report. This examination takes place while impunity for past and current human rights violations continues to prevail, torture in police custody is systematic, the National Human Rights Commission is weakened after recent changes in its statute and the criminal justice system is in need of reform. We suggest a number of critical areas to be addressed to improve Nepal’s implementation of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and to enable the enjoyment of rights it guarantees by those within its jurisdiction.